Today, society sharply draws a line between male & female role. The job market is still divided between ‘female’ and ‘male’ occupations. Maybe it is a mistake to promote equality of numbers when what actually matters is the equality of opportunity.
Many gender discrimination in employment conforms to age-old divisions of labor when women had better social skills & men were chosen for hunting.
Not every occupation differs greatly by gender, however, those that do show striking evolutionary patterns that relate to female specialization for childcare & male specialization for hunting.
Majority of the gender differences in behavior & psychology in earlier societies are likely a result of gender differences in work specialization. In spite of many decades of enforcing equal opportunity laws, many sharp occupational differences still remain. These differences may be exemplified by divergences in the representation of American women & men in various occupations, for which thorough information is available.
Even in the latest available United States’ data, consistent gender differences speak to various skills and interests. That these differences in employment still remain is often attributed to discrimination against women in the workforce but the reality is more complex.
Women are way better than men in certain fields & communication is one of them. Females learn to speak earlier than males and exhibit lifelong verbal superiority.
Such differences should be barely controversial: We can observe them in everyday lives. Since women are better at verbal communication & because they are sensitive to verbal degrees, it is barely surprising that American firms would prefer to employ females in their public relations departments. These are well-paid & desirable occupations. 2/3rd of public relations specialists are women.
Women stay in the primary caregivers for the sick, children, and the elderly. These specializations continue in the American workplace. Till date, as the sick are concerned, women make up 75% of healthcare professionals even though they are more likely to work as nurses than as physicians. Why there are fewer females as doctors remain puzzling. One hypothesis is that females might have more trouble being accepted as authority figures in medicine.