HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus which is responsible for the cause of AIDS. HIV/AIDS is a threat which can be said a curse on the human beings. HIV/AIDS is firstly recognized by the scientific community as an actual disease.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in India is concentrated among 3.1 million men who have sex with men (MSM) and 1.1 million people who inject drugs (PWID), with a mean incidence of 0.9–1.4 per 100 person-years. We examined the cost-effectiveness of both pre-exposure prophylaxis and HIV testing strategies for MSM and PWID in India.
This disease is caused due to:
- The blood is transferred from the infected person to another
- Having unprotected sex.
- Taking excessive amount of drugs, etc.
HIV/AIDS is a threat to the human security because this disease has no cure. Companies like Johnson and Johnson has started to test the medicine to cure this deadly disease. In the recent years the cases registered for HIV AIDS has increased frequently.
In India the increase in HIV/AIDS is a threat because of the prostitution business and the HIV virus majorly impacts the immune system of humans. HIV AIDS is a threat because there is no cure for this disease. The person who is HIV positive can survive for some particular years. Once the person is infected by HIV virus, he/she has live with this for the rest of his/her life.
HIV AIDS AS A THREAT:
There are two main dimensions to HIV/AIDS and human security. One is the threat to socio-economic development and the other is the threat to human survival.
There is a wide range of evidence that proves that HIV/AIDS affects all levels and sectors of the society ranging from the household to employment, to the health systems, to agriculture, mining, transport, etc. At a macro-economic level the effects are as important, with severe consequences felt at the national economic level and with the general well-being of the people, including adverse effects on life expectancy and literacy rates.
A nation can expect a decline of 1% of its GDP each year when more than 20% of the adult population is infected with HIV.
The HIV virus affects the very web in which certain societies are woven by breaking up the family and introducing a combined impact of stigma and economic burden.
There are several various factors that contribute to the spread of HIV/AIDS in various situations like
- Sexual Violence: A lot of young people are involved with sex and marriage at a much earlier age in absence of leisure, education and employment opportunities. In such circumstances women and young girls are often sexually abused and not protected from sexual violence, leading to a vicious circle of impunity
- Basic Needs and Economic Opportunities: A lot of women and kids from a poor background have to exchange sex for food, shelter, resource, protection and money and this automatically affects the economic security.
- Education, Skills and Training: The lack of education and skills training increases the dependency of women and children to get involved in risk behavior.
- The military and peacekeeping forces:They tend to have higher rates of HIV infection than the population at large. They often have power that they use to get what they want from refugees, women and children. They often lack knowledge on HIV/AIDS transmission and the use of preventive means during sex. This behavior puts soldiers and the military at extreme risk of HIV infection which needs to be taken into account when examining gender relations and the interaction between the different groups at risk.
Normally HIV/AIDS has great impact on the society and it is a huge threat on the human society and the people have to take some preventive measures together to fight this deadly disease.